Copper Cold and Foil Rolling Mill


UCM-Mill and X-Mill Technology for thinner foil rolling.

For copper cold rolling and foil rolling, several types of mill are selected according to the rolling process, thickness and materials to be produced. Our typical mill type is the UCM-Mill, which is suitable for rolling to thin gauge. The alternative X-Mill technology is another of our typical mill type for thin copper and copper alloy foil rolling. 4Hi, 6Hi, 12Hi CR mill and 20Hi ZR cluster mill are also applied by us for cold rolling of copper and copper alloys.


The UCM-Mill for copper and copper alloys features small work rolls (WR) combined with shape control functions consisted of WR bending, intermediate roll (IMR) bending, IMR shift using all straight uncambered rolls and a spot cooling system. Rolling of hard and thin material with excellent shape control is realized in the UCM-Mill. Furthermore, equipped with a cobble guard and air wiping system at the mill exit side and  good wiping ability can be achieved during high speed rolling.


The X-Mill with intelligent shape control using Sheet flat is designed for ultra-thin strip/foil rolling. The rolls are arranged in an X configuration in which a pair of parallel back-up rolls support each side of the small diameter work rolls at a tangent below the WR top to prevent horizontal deflection. This enables stable and reliable thin-gauge rolling to be performed.


  • Compact and simple mill arrangement
  • Optimized mill size and layout
  • Stable rolling
  • Automatic mill set-up
  • High speed rolling
  • Minimal downtime
  • Quality product


  • Optimum integrated control
  • Automatic flatness control
  • Automatic gauge control
  • Optimum integrated control system
  • Optimum roll size and motor power
  • Quick hose connection for roll changes 

Primetals Technologies Electric and Automation for Aluminum Rolling Mills

Continuous improvements of the quality of rolled aluminum products together with increasing demands regarding mill uptime and productivity are strongly supported by new developments and enhanced functionality of Primetals Technologies electric and automation applications for rolling mills. Today's demands for flexible and economic production of aluminum plate, aluminum strip or foil can only be met by electrical and automation solutions, that are based on profound knowledge and a deep understanding of the aluminum rolling technology. This kind of know how in combination with our expertise in mathematics, physics, control algorithms, mechanical, hydraulics and electrical engineering qualify Primetals Technologies to design and develop technological process models, high-performance control systems, reliable and mill proven drive systems, as well as all other electrical equipment necessary for the operation of rolling mills. In short, Primetals Technologies is able to supply complete mills or rolling mill equipment from one source. All our solutions are well approved and have been optimized in many applications with well-established customers all over the world.

Modern automation concept for improved product quality on Aluminum Hot Mills

Technological controls and process models are the core of our modern automation concept with the goal of maximizing utilization of the mechanical, electrical, hydraulic and other controlled equipment. The control concepts have evolved with the increasing performance of the equipment and increasing demands in terms of tolerances of the final product– from simple analog PI controllers to highly complex and interlinked control systems. These controls and process models are nowadays integrated and the added value is well seen in the resultant strip quality.

These added values are:

  • Improved gauge tolerances, 
  • Less off-gauge material, 
  • Perfect profile and flatness to meet growing demands worldwide.
  • Maximum throughput

Scalable Technological Control Systems for Aluminum Hot Mills

These highly standardized EA packages have modular design and defined interfaces. 

Main benefits:

  • Short delivery times thanks to the use of standardized components with high availability
  • Fast start-up due to a field-proven solution with references around the world
  • High product quality due to integrated suite of quality control functions
  • Compact design with highly integrated components and allow installation even in confined areas
  • Trouble free implementation due to modular design for new mill plants as well as for upgrades, extensions and revamps also of 3rd party systems
  • Additional upgrades with add-on packages allow state-of the art improvements of functionality, strip quality and higher mill productivity even as a later retrofit
  • Attractive CAPEX due to standardized solutions

Integrated Digital Drive Systems

Integrated fully digital systems with full capability of technological and diagnostic performance are designed for drive control using high speed multi-microprocessors.

Flexible applications range from single drives with pinion gears to integrated drive systems for twin-drive and tandem-drive. DC converters, AC cyclo-converter drives and AC multilevel drives, cover the wide range of power and voltage ratings required. Comprehensive software development tools and libraries are supplied as part of the system. Diagnostic capabilities with local display of messages, operator control and monitoring are included in the applications.

Process rolling models provide optimum setup and gains for production process control

The core of the automation system is the set-point calculation module on the basis of online process models and rolling directives. The philosophy behind our process models combines physically modelling wherever possible with artificial neural networks, e.g. to describe the influence of specific alloy elements – thus combining robustness with high precision.

The advantages of online process models in combination with neural networks for adaptation in process automation include the more accurate set points and easy matching of new materials. Primetals Technologies process automation also optimizes product quality by permitting a very high degree of flexibility in creating the parameters for the rolling directives. Rolling directives are derived automatically from the specific material characteristics of the alloy to be rolled.

General benefits are:

  • Steep start-up curves as the "physical knowledge" from many mills is available right from the start
  • High accuracy through making use of the experience gained from rolling many thousands of strip mills
  • Extension of behavior to new alloys and to new dimensions
  • Ability to double-check results to ensure they are physically meaningful - no "black box feeling".

Experience on Aluminum Hot Mills

Over the recent decades Primetals Technologies has successfully automated literally dozens of Aluminum Hot Mill all over the world, cooperating with world-class Aluminum producers. The range of Primetals Technologies references covers the full range of Hot mill applications including Plate Mills, Roughing Mills, single stand Reversing Finishing Mills and multi-stand Tandem Hot Mills.

Reference Story

High-productivity copper cold rolling mill

Type of Plant: 
Reversing Cold Mill featuring UCM-Mill

Our Solution:
Primetals Technologies UCM-Mill for excellent gauge and shape control, and  high quality of product.